NAGC Plagiarism Declaration
NAGC Plagiarism Declaration
It is the practice of the NAGC to praise the value of original writing and original thought and expression. For this reason, we also value: honoring integrity, as displayed through honesty, trust, fairness, respect, and responsibility, giving credit where credit is due, and asking for permission to use someone else’s original work. The NAGC encourages a culture of sharing best practices and research. To honor the integrity of original information, it is important to give credit where credit is due and ask for permission to use someone else’s original work.
Procedure: Giving Credit Where Credit is Due
- Individuals are asked not to copy and paste what someone else has spent time developing and present the information as their own.
- We request that extra time be given to ensure that credit is given where credit is due by citing and referencing another’s original work/s.
- We ask that individuals preparing to use others’ work/s run through this series of questions:
- What does it mean to cite?
- When should I cite?
- How should I honor permissions?
- Why should I cite?
- Who should I cite?
- How should I cite and reference?
What does it mean to cite?
To cite means to give a brief credit for using someone else’s original thought or work. The usual formula for an in-text citation is author/s last name/s and the publication year in parentheses, for example (Jay, 2020). Then follow up the citation with a references list that gives the full detail of the original source of the citation (see examples at the end of this document). If you are giving a speech, presentation, or interview (i.e., you are not presenting information in written form)—you still need to cite others’ work. To do so, simply state the author or agency’s name, date, and title of the source. For example, “According to the 2016 book by Bordere and Harris, "Handbook of Social Justice in Loss and Grief..."
When should I cite?
To determine when you should add citations to your document or talk, ask yourself:
- Does this information exist elsewhere? For example: Did you Google search to find it (and/or copy it)? Did you read it in a publication? Did you hear the information on a podcast or webinar?
- Do you think the owner of this information would appreciate being acknowledged?
- Did you take an original idea and paraphrase it (i.e., use someone else’s idea and put it into your own words)?
If the answer to any of these questions is YES, then please cite!
How should I honor permissions?
Option A: Reach out to the author and/or agency whose document you would like to share to seek permission to use. Explain how you will be citing the original source. Then refer to our examples at the end of this document which shows how to include the original source in your references list.
Option B: Share the document as is, retaining the authoring agency’s name and logo. It’s always great for families and professionals to know about more resources, and this approach reinforces NAGC’s culture of sharing and pooling best practices and resources.
Why should I cite?
Why bother taking the extra steps to cite another’s work? It comes down to one concept—plagiarism! To utilize someone else’s work or ideas without giving them the appropriate credit is considered plagiarism.
According to the Merriam-Webster online dictionary, to "plagiarize" means:
- to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own
- to use (another's production) without crediting the source
- to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source
Here are NAGC’s reasons to cite your sources, based on excellent guidance from Boise State University’s College of Business and Economics (n.d.).
- For our grief education and support profession: Citing others’ work(s) makes our field stronger and more credible.
- For the reader: The source lends credibility from the strength of the source. Thus, the citation allows the reader to evaluate the quality of information you are using to build your arguments. It also allows the reader to look up the original works to learn more.
- For the authors: You’re giving credit for the work they have done–or their “intellectual property.”
- For you: Citing deepens your honesty. Information has value like money. If you take someone’s money without permission, it is called theft. It is called “plagiarism” when you steal or use someone else’s ideas—using another’s ideas or words without acknowledging them. At universities, stealing someone’s ideas, on purpose or by accident, can result in failing the assignment or course or dismissal from the university. Plagiarism is something that the NAGC also takes seriously.
Who should I cite?
Please be sure you’re citing or referencing the original source. For example, if you listen to a podcast and an interviewer shares a quote from a book (that is not their own), the original source to cite for that quote is the author and publication year of the book, not the podcast.
How should I cite and reference?
In-text citations present the last name of the author and the year of publication, in parentheses (Jay, 2020).
Addressing childhood bereavement is a national priority; By age 18, 1 in 14 children will experience parental or sibling death in the United States (Judi’s House, 2020). The need to acknowledge and respond to the needs of children who have had a parent die is critically important (Lisk, 2020; Schuurman, 2003). While the field of thanatology requires more in-depth research on how children and families are impacted by bereavement, some practices are showing promise (Haine, Ayers, Sandler, & Wolchik, 2008). The practice field also provides compelling evidence about ways to support children and parents who have had a family member or friend die (National Alliance for Grieving Children, 2016; The Dougy Center, 2020). The National Alliance for Grieving Children is invested in supporting its member agencies by an ongoing commitment to establishing standards of practice (National Alliance for Grieving Children, n.d.) and offering educational webinars to assist organizations in their efforts to serve the bereaved population (e.g. Kaplan, Landry, & Mitchell, 2020).
Citations in a speech, presentation, or interview:
State the author or agency’s name, date, and title of the source. For example, “According to the 2016 book by Bordere and Harris, Handbook of Social Justice in Loss and Grief….”
A reference list gives the full detail on the in-text citations. Here are examples of how to reference many types of sources: articles, books/workbooks, podcasts, tip sheets and reports, webinars, and web pages.
Academic journal article:
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., & Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. https://doi.org/xx.xxx/yyyy.
Haine, R. A., Ayers, T. S., Sandler, I. N., & Wolchik, S. A. (2008). Evidence-based practices for parentally bereaved children and their families. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 39 (2), 113-121. https://doi.org/10.1037/0735-7028.39.2.113
Book or workbook:
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year of publication). Title of publication: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher Name. DOI (if available).
National Alliance for Grieving Children. (2016). When someone dies: A child-caregiver activity book. National Alliance for Grieving Children.
Schuurman, D. L. (2003.) Never the same: Coming to terms with the death of a parent. St. Martin's Press.
Host, A. A. (Host). (Year, Month Date). Title of episode (No. if provided) [Audio podcast episode]. In Name of podcast. Publisher. URL
Lisk, J. (Host). (2020, January 21). Jason Stout on Outward Bound for grieving teens (053) [Audio podcast episode]. In The Widowed Parent Podcast. Jenny Lisk. https://jennylisk.com/podcast/wpp053
Tip Sheet or Report by an Organization:
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year of publication). Title of publication. URL address.
Judi’s House (2020). 2020 Childhood Bereavement Estimation Model national report. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/55147c75e4b0263cc205be38/t/5ee7a2a2f4ba336b55fdf21d/1592238758732/2020_CBEM_National.pdf
The Dougy Center. (2020). When your world is already upside down: Supporting grieving children and teens during COVID-19. https://www.dougy.org/docs/Grief_during_COVID-19.pdf
Author/Presenter Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year, Month Date).Title of webinar in sentence case [Webinar]. Publisher/Sponsor. URL
Kaplan, J., Landry, L. & Mitchell, M. B. (2020, August 6). Considerations for collecting and interpreting information to improve service delivery during COVID 19. [Webinar]. National Alliance for Grieving Children. https://childrengrieve.org/education/online-learning/10-education/245-considerations-collecting
Webpage (no date listed)
Author or Group name. (n.d.). Title of page. Site name (if applicable). URL
National Alliance for Grieving Children. (n.d.). NAGC standards of practice. National Alliance for Grieving Children. https://childrengrieve.org/about-us/nagc-standards-of-practice
Boise State University College of Business and Economics. (n.d.). Recognizing and avoiding plagiarism. Boise State University College of Business and Economics. https://www.boisestate.edu/cobe/cobe-writing-style-guide/recognizing-and-avoiding-plagiarism/